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How Diabetic Neuropathy Leads to Pain and How a Pain Specialist Can Help

Last updated 5 years ago

In order for your body to function, your cells need to break down the sugar traveling in your bloodstream and convert it into energy. Your muscle, fat, and liver cells are only able to access this sugar through a hormone called insulin. If you suffer from diabetes, your body has difficulty producing or processing enough insulin to move this sugar into your body’s cells, which can lead to a buildup of sugar in your blood and a painful condition called diabetic neuropathy.  

Decreases blood flow If sugar isn’t able to move from your bloodstream into your cells, it will begin to line the walls of your small blood vessels. The more that sugar accumulates in your blood vessels, the less space blood has to travel through them. Eventually, this can cause poor circulation throughout your body and limbs, which can lead to tingling or numbness in your feet, arms, and legs.

Leads to nerve damage Your body’s nerves are responsible for transmitting pain or pleasure signals from every portion of your body. In order for your nerves to stay healthy, they require some essential nutrients. The only way for your nerves to get these nutrients is through the circulation of blood, so any decrease in circulation can limit this flow of nutrients and lead to significant nerve damage. According to the U.S. National Library of Medicine, approximately half of individuals with diabetes develop nerve damage.

Causes pain throughout the body In addition to transmitting sensation, nerves are responsible for managing your body’s vital organs, including the bladder, heart, stomach, and intestines. Damaged nerves are unable to effectively control the function of these organs, leading to serious digestive problems. Some symptoms associated with diabetic neuropathy include nausea, constipation, heartburn, and bloating.

To learn about the available pain management techniques for diabetic neuropathy, call Pain Specialists of Orange County at (888) 699-1334. You can schedule an appointment at any of our locations in Laguna Hills, Mission Viejo, and Irvine, where our professional staff members offer personalized service and effective non-surgical pain treatment options.


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